Analyzing the Impact of Subsectors and Population Growth on Agricultural Sector in Pakistan


  • Muhammad Islam Director of Agriculture (Statistics), Crop Reporting Service, District, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Syed Ijaz Hussain Shah Director of Agriculture (Statistics), Crop Reporting Service, District, Mandi Bahauddin, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Syeda Amna Wajahat Statistician, Crop Reporting Service, Agriculture Department, Division, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Faheem Bhatti Deputy Director (Stat), Crop Reporting Service, Agriculture Department, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Noor Ul Ain Field Assistant (Stat), Crop Reporting Service, Agriculture Department, Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Pakistan



Agriculture Growth, Subsectors, Crops, Livestock, Fisheries, Forestry, Population, Regression, Statistical Significance


The agriculture sector in Pakistan plays its vital role for providing food security and economic stability. Pakistan's agriculture sector comprises various subsectors i.e. crops, livestock, fisheries, and forestry. Agriculture growth is threatened by the growth of these subsectors and the impact of population growth on it. No significant research has been conducted in Pakistan to study the statistical significance of these subsectors and their relationship with population growth. This study analyzes data from 2005 to 2023. Regression analysis is used to identify and to compare the statistical significance of all sub sectors of agriculture growth with population growth rate. Average growth rates found positive for agriculture, major crops, livestock, fisheries, and population, while negative for forestry. Model found good fit with R2 0.936. Major crops, livestock, and fisheries have positive and statistically significant impacts on Pakistan's agricultural growth, with coefficients of 0.316, 0.426, and 0.015, while forestry and population reported negative and statistically insignificant results with coefficients of -0.019 and -0.273. This research laid out good policy decisions aimed at boosting agricultural growth in Pakistan.